The UK Research and Development (R&D) Tax Relief Scheme is delivered via HMRC’s corporation tax filing system.
After each financial accounting period, a company is required to prepare statutory accounts along with a corporation tax computation.
The corporation tax computation calculates the tax liability of the company for the period (if profitable) based on the statutory accounts. If pre-revenue and / or in development mode then the corporation tax computation will calculate the company’s losses for the period.
The R&D tax claim figure is entered into the corporation tax computation and CT600 corporation tax return to claim the notional enhanced R&D tax deduction.
The corporation tax return and supporting computation is filed online with HMRC. It is recommended that the company also prepares a report outlining the nature of the R&D work and why / how it satisfies the HMRC definition of qualifying R&D plus detailed supporting claim calculations – or you could get an R&D tax specialist to help :)
If profitable, this will result in a reduction in the corporation tax payable.
If loss-making, the company can elect to surrender the enhanced tax loss for a tax credit payment from HMRC. Or it could elect to carry the enhanced tax loss back twelve months (if profitable) or carry forward to utilise in future periods.
HMRC aims for a 28 day turnaround time in reviewing and processing R&D tax claims.
If you would like to learn more, why not subscribe for our R&D Tax Relief Training Course: